Tangy & Comforting
Sambar is a tangy, healthy, comforting soup beloved throughout India, changing from state to state, region to region, and stove to stove. In South India, it is a favorite breakfast eaten with dosas and idlis. Sambar is also very satisfying as a light meal with some hearty bread and a salad. Made from a mix of lentils and vegetables, this soup is a perfect cold weather and holiday eating recovery food. Your body and taste buds will thank you.
My goal for this dish was to create a lentil soup with Kerala's tantalizing flavors: coconut, mustard seeds, and curry leaves. Make this recipe your own by choosing the vegetables you want to use, depending on what you like and have on hand. Decide how thick you like your soup, and after making it once or twice, you may even change up the balance of lentils to vegetables.
Sambar Spice Powder
I’ve used a store-bought sambar masala for this recipe, but you could make a homemade spice mix. If you are looking for a recipe, Swasthi Shrekkanth of Swasthi's Recipes has a good recipe for sambar powder. Or you can buy packaged sambar masala from your local Indian grocery or online. My favorite brand of sambar powder is MTR.
Sambar is an easy soup to make, but I've gone outside the box when cooking the vegetables. Being a big fan of high heat roasting, I suggest that you roast the vegetables rather than boil them. Roasting adds sweetness, better texture, and each vegetable tastes more like the best version of themselves. If you prefer to skip the roasting step, add the vegetables to the onion and spice mixture when it is finished cooking. Add water as needed for the vegetables to cook properly and let them simmer until the vegetables are done to your liking.
Make it Your Own!
Most sambar recipes have you finish the dish with a final flourish of tadka/choonk. Tadka is taking ghee or oil and tempering spices, whole chilis, and possibly curry leaves. I wanted to simplify this soup as much as possible without sacrificing taste. I find that tempering the spices in the beginning as a foundation for the sambar works well. As usual, feel free to add more heat. A slit green chili or two added when the onions are almost finished cooking will do the trick.
Please do not be frightened of all the notes included below. They add guidance depending on what vegetables you want to use and other pointers to help you along. If you are using softer vegetables like okra or eggplant, you will want to cook them separately for a shorter amount of time. Hard squash or root vegetables (carrots or potatoes) will take much longer to cook. If you are a no-onion, no-garlic cook, double the asafetida, and skip the alliums.
See the Notes below before you cook.
Sambar Recipe (Kerala)
Cook the Dal (lentils)
- 1/2 cup toor dal ~ Also called pigeon peas. See Notes below.
- 1/2 teaspoon turmeric
- 1 teaspoon sea salt ~ Double the amount of kosher salt; about.
- 1 1/2 cups water
Roast the Vegetables = 2 Cups Total
- 1/2 cup carrots ~ Cut into bit sized pieces. See Notes below.
- 1/2 cup potatoes ~ Cubed
- 1/2 cup butternut squash ~ Cubed or buy pre-cut
- 1/2 cup string beans ~ Cut in 1-inch pieces
- 1 tablespoon coconut oil ~ Or grapeseed, canola, or avocado oils.
The Sambar (Soup)
- 1 tablespoon ghee ~ Or oil
- 1/2 teaspoon black mustard seeds ~ Or yellow mustard
- 10 fresh curry leaves ~ Optional
- 1/4 teaspoon asafetida (hing) ~ Optional, but highly recommended
- 1 cup onions ~ Finely dices
- 1/2 teaspoon sea or table salt ~ Double to amount of kosher salt; about.
- 1/2 cup desiccated coconut ~ Or 3/4 cup fresh grated coconut
- 1 1/2 teaspoon sambar masala powder ~ MTR brand if available
- 1/2 teaspoon Kashmiri ground red chili ~ More to taste and other choices
- 2 teaspoons lemon juice ~ Or equal amount of tamarind paste
- 1 teaspoon sugar ~ If needed
- 1 tablespoon cilantro ~ Chopped for garnishing
Cook the Dal
- Rinse the dal in several changes of water.
- If cooking in the Instant Pot, add turmeric, 1 teaspoon salt, dal and 1 1/2 cups of water. Close the pressure valve, secure the lid and using high pressure, cook for 7 minutes. Release pressure using natural release for 15 minutes, then release the remaining pressure.
- If cooking the dal on the stove-top, using a medium-sized pan on medium-high heat add the dal, 3 cups water, salt, and turmeric and bring to a boil. Lower the heat to simmer, cover, and allow the dal to cook for 30 minutes. Stir several times and test for tenderness.
Roast the Vegetables
- Cut the vegetables into bite-sized pieces and place them on a baking tray. Coat with a tablespoon of oil.
- Roast for 8 minutes, then stir well. Roast for another 7 minutes. Stir and roast a bit more if needed. Set aside.
Make the Sambar
- While the vegetables are roasting make the sambar masala. Add the ghee or oil to a heavy-bottomed pan over medium-high heat. When the ghee is hot add the mustard seeds. Test with a few seeds to see if the fat is hot enough. You want to have almost immediate spluttering. Add the asafetida and curry leaves, if using, and cook for a minute. Stir in the onions, and 1/2 teaspoon of salt.
- Cook the onions until they start turning golden around the edges. This will take about 4 to 5 minutes. Stir in the coconut, sambar powder, and the Kashmiri chili; stir frequently to toast for a minute or two. If there is any sticking add water in 1 tablespoon increments as needed.
- Add the toor dal, its cooking liquid, the roasted vegetables, and lemon juice. Cook over medium heat for 5 minutes. Taste for seasonings: salt, acid, sugar, enough heat, and additional sambar powder. Added water if you want and thinner soup.
- Garnish with cilantro if you wish. Serve with rice, flatbread, dosa, idli, flatbread, vada, or on its own with a salad and some good bread. Sambar keeps well for 3-4 days in the refrigerator.
- If you prefer a thicker soup, replace with some of the toor dal with masoor dal (red lentils).
- I’ve picked one example of a mix of vegetables. Here is a list of some other ideas, keeping in mind you need 2 cups total:
- sweet potatoes
- okra (can be found frozen if not in season)
- eggplant (aubergines/brinjal)
- delicata squash
- drumsticks (moringa)
- pearl onions
- bottle gourd
- When roasting the vegetables, you may want to give the root vegetables and hard winter squash an 8-minute head start. After stirring them, add is the softer vegetables.
- If you prefer to cook the vegetables in the same pot as the rest of the ingredients, add them after the onions are finished cooking. Add water as needed.
- It is important not to overcook the vegetables. They should be cooked through but not mushy.
- My sambar recipe is slightly less acidic than a typical sambar. If you wish, add another teaspoon lemon juice or tamarind paste. If you want to balance out the acid, add a teaspoon or more of sugar.
- If you include eggplant, you may want to soak it in salted water after chopping it up into bite-sized pieces. This helps to reduce the bitterness.
- Sambar is often made with okra, but since that is not a favorite vegetable of mine, this recipe is okra free.
- Sometimes the dal needs to cook a bit longer than 30 minutes. So adjust the cooking time accordingly. I prefer the dal to cook very well so that it's easy to mash.
- This soup will thicken as it sits, so feel free to add water to give it the preferred consistency. If you are cooking it in advance, be sure to adjust the seasonings as needed.