Fragrant Spinach and Cheese Curry
If you have only had the restaurant version of this dish, you will want to make this curry! I think it is safe to say that palak (or saag) paneer is one of the most popular Indian recipes, whether you are vegetarian or not. I’ve never been to an Indian restaurant in the U.S. that did not serve palak or saag paneer, and for a good reason. It is flavorful without being too spicy, nutritious, and comforting. Because this dish is popular throughout India, the recipe varies from region to region and stove to stove. The soft cubes of fresh cheese (paneer) adds richness and heft to this North Indian favorite, without making it heavy.
Palak Paneer ~ Versatile & Vegan
Indian food is wondrous for its endless ability to take well to variations, depending on what you as the cook has at hand. Saag paneer can be made with any leafy greens, but palak paneer specifically uses spinach leaves. If you don’t have paneer and don’t feel like making your own, you can use feta, which gives you—arguably—an even better final result, or chunks of cooked potatoes. If you are vegan, add firm tofu instead of paneer, and use coconut milk instead of milk or cream.
This is my easy, streamlined, weeknight palak paneer was inspired by Sia of Monsoon Spice. If you use prewashed fresh spinach or frozen spinach and don’t sauté the paneer, a bowl of this goodness can be on your table quite quickly. Make a double recipe and tuck half in the freezer for another day when you are pressed for time.
Palak paneer relies on two main ingredients: paneer (cheese) and spinach. Choose baby spinach with small tender leaves or good quality frozen spinach. Likewise, try making your own paneer or use a good brand of store-bought paneer.
Oh, and by the way—This recipe is one of the Top 20 dishes that are Indian favorites. Take a look!
See the Notes below before you cook.
Palak Paneer ~ Homemade & Healthy
- 12 ounces paneer ~ Cut into 1-inch cubes; buy or make. See last Note
- 1 tablespoon ghee or oil ~ Buy or make ghee
- 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
- 1 cup onion ~ Thinly sliced
- 1 teaspoon fine sea or table salt ~ Divided; substitutions
- 2 teaspoons ground coriander
- 1 teaspoon sugar
- 1/4 teaspoon Kashmiri red ground chili ~ Or ground chili of your choice; substitutions
- 1 teaspoon garlic ~ Minced or grated
- 2 teaspoons fresh ginger ~ Minced or grated
- 1 small green chili ~ Minced (1/2 teaspoon) or 1 teaspoon serrano chili. See substitutions add more to your taste
- 1 pound fresh or frozen spinach
- 1/4 to 1 cup milk or cream ~ Depending on how rich and saucy you want
- 1 teaspoon lemon juice ~ More to taste
- 1/2 teaspoon garam masala ~ Optional, buy or make
- Gather all your ingredients.
- If you are using store-bought paneer, boil enough water to cover the cubes and soak for 8 minutes to soften. Drain and set aside.
- Meanwhile, heat ghee or oil in a pan over medium-high heat. Add cumin seeds and wait for them to sizzle, about 1 or 2 minutes.
- Add onions, sugar, 1/2 teaspoon of salt, ground coriander, and Kashmiri chili and saute for 8 to 10 minutes. Stir frequently and turn the heat down if the onions are browning too quickly, scraping any bits sticking on the bottom. Also, add a tablespoon or two of water if needed. You are looking for a golden color; don’t rush this step because you are building flavor for the dish.
- Add ginger, garlic, and green chili. Saute for 1 to 2 minutes until they no longer smell raw. Add the spinach, mix well and cook for 3 to 5 minutes over medium heat until the spinach is wilted.
- Blend this mixture in a food processor or blender until smooth, adding 1/2 to 1 cup of water, as needed. If you have used frozen spinach you probably won't need any extra water.
- Add the spinach puree back to the pan over medium heat with the second 1/2 teaspoon of salt, and add milk or cream to get the desired consistency. Simmer gently for several minutes.
- Add the paneer and lemon juice; cover and simmer for 3 minutes. Turn off heat and let sit for 10 minutes, so the spices can mix and mingle. Taste for salt, acid (lemon), and heat, adjusting the seasonings to your taste. Add garam masala now if you would like more flavor.
- This dish will keep in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 days, and in the freezer for up to 6 months.
- If you aren’t using prewashed or frozen greens for your palak paneer, make sure to wash your greens thoroughly to remove the grit and dirt that spinach has. Fresh greens will give you a brighter green color if that is important to you.
- Many cooks blanch their greens. This helps set the color for a bright green finish. I do not blanch for three reasons: you lose some nutrients, it takes longer to cook the dish, and I am lazy.
- I've added a generous amount of paneer in this recipe. If you want more sauce to paneer, start with at least 6 ounces.
- If you don't eat garlic and onions, use a big pinch of asafetida (hing) instead, and add to the pan with the sliced onions.